Constants that depend on processing conditions or on sample history were not emphasized, as they can be found in existing plastics handbooks and encyclopedias. Section V lists the physical constants of many important commercial polymers. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Only fundamental constants and parameters that refer to the polymer molecule, that describe the solid state of polymer molecules, or that describe polymer solutions, were compiled.
The corresponding empirical formulas are similarly expressed. The names of the monomers are those common or semisystematic names that are encountered most often in the literature of polymer science. Some of the peroxides may also decompose by non-radical routes. The following italicized qualifiers can be used as both prefixes e.
We would like to thank all of the contributors to the Polymer Handbook for their help and continued patience. It contains a vast array of data for polymers, monomers and other ancillary topics that are required for experimental and theoretical research and applications of polymers. We hope that the outstanding efforts of all these people will find due appreciation among the users of this Handbook.
Again, the name of the polymer is in the form of. Parentheses are used when the name of the monomer consists of two or more words, and when the monomer has substituents. Published simultaneously in Canada. These classes are not mutually exclusive, some are relatively generic and some more specific. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
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View Section, Interactive Tables. The decomposition of most organic free radical initiators follows first order kinetics.
Carbon tetrachloride Carbon tetrachloride Freon Freon perF-ether mix. As in the nomenclature of organic polymers, these rules apply to structural representations. Assumptions are made for a. As in the previous editions, the Polymer Handbook concentrates on synthetic polymers, poly saccharides and derivatives, and oligomers. The latter consist of molecules not necessarily exactly of the same size, chemical composition, or structure.
Most common names were eliminated and exceptional treatment for various classes of substances was discontinued. Japan Synthetic Rubber Company Ltd. More common coordination polymers consist of a mononuclear central atom with a bridging ligand.
This is consistent with the principle of coordination nomenclature which puts the emphasis on the coordination center. Since polymers, unlike low-molecular-weight compounds, have no uniform structure and are mixtures of macromolecules of different length and different structural. To establish direction, one proceeds from this subunit to the neighboring subunit of the same or next in seniority. Also known as Data Search, find materials and properties information from technical references. The following is a list of such terms extracted from these sources.
Stress Viscosity dynamic Viscosity kinematic Surface tension Energy, work, heat. Many of these are joined, in turn, to each other but their exact orientation or sequence is seldom known. We have added new tables and incorporated a large amount of new data into existing tables. Connective cyclo branch sh-branch l-branch f-branch comb star f-star net t Greek iota blend ipn sipn compl.
Polymer Handbook (4th Edition) - PDF Free Download
The order of citation of monomers in copolymer names is arbitrary. This is a must have database for all technologists, scientists, researchers, and students concerned with theoretical or applied polymer science. We will pass on such data to the publisher, for the polymer database, and for future editions of this Handbook. Therefore, brochure cover design a completely revised Polymer Handbook has been prepared. The Polymer Handbook is the single most comprehensive source of physical property data for polymers.
Click here to Collapse all. They are drawn across the enclosing marks. That shows an idealized product. Instituto di Chimica delle Macromolecole del C. The order of seniority among the types of bivalent groups that are parts of the chain of a single-strand polymer is a.
Polyethers epoxy resins polyetheretherketones polyoxyalkylenes polyoxymethylenes polyoxyarylenes polyoxyphenylenes. In this article, the basic structure-based and source-based nomenclature of polymers is explained and illustrated in some detail. In naming non-linear homopolymer molecules, the italicized prefix for the skeletal structure of the macromolecule is placed before the source-based name of the constituent linear chain.
Koenig presents an excellent discussion of azo and peroxide decomposition pathways. Parentheses are not needed to enclose monomer names consisting of two or more words.
The corresponding empirical formula is expressed in the same way. In no case, there is any misunderstanding in either case as to which structure is associated with each name. Multiple bridging ligands between the pair of central atoms are cited in alphabetic order. To decline or learn more, visit our Cookies page. The structural repeating unit is named by citation of one or more multivalent radicals of regular substitutive nomenclature.
No abbreviations should be used in the titles of publications. Where given by the author, the overall equation for kd in terms of the frequency factor A and activation energy a has been included.
Polymerization and Depolymerization. Traditional names, however, not necessarily based on structures, have been widely used for many common compounds.
Physical Data of Oligomers. Generally, the higher order reaction is caused by a reaction of radicals with the initiator induced decomposition. Knovel subscription is supported by Knovel Guest Usage.
The corresponding empirical formula is also expressed in a similar way. The main purpose of chemical nomenclature is to identify a chemical species by means of written or spoken words for a useful communication among chemists.
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